Home Non-Linear Editors: EQ Tips & Tricks 5 Essential EQ Tips to Improve Dialogue: Video Edition

5 Essential EQ Tips to Improve Dialogue: Video Edition

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Knowing how to EQ dialogue effectively can be a vital skill in audio post production and whichever way you look at it dialogue is an essential part of the cinematic experience.

It’s true to say that the quality, clarity and intelligibility of recorded voices varies wildly from one to the next. Common sonic symptoms include muffled speech, boxy room sounds, boomy low tones, sharp sibilance (‘S’ and ‘Shh’ sounds) and that distracting nasal sound picked up by most internal DSLR camera mics.

The good news is: Equalisation can improve recorded dialogue inside one plugin

No. 5 – Lows and Highs

Understanding the human voice is key to understanding how transducers convert it’s analogous origins into correlating digital information. How microphones work, what rooms to record voices in, how to position yourself, your actors, your crew and your equipment to best capture voices in the way we hear them in perceived reality.

But do we have the knowledge and expertise for all of this? – not always. Hence, when you know how to EQ Dialogue then quick steps can be made to sweeten and enhance vocal recordings in audio post production

Poorly recorded Dialogue often falls into 4 categories, which are:

  1. Sounding muffled, boomy and dull
  2. Feeling boxy, roomy (echo) and smeared
  3. Sounds sharp, burned and lispy
  4. Sounding noisy and overly dynamic (too loud to too quiet)

Identify which of the above categories your recorded audio falls into

Low Shelf EQ in FCPX
Low Cut and Hi Cut at its most extreme
1Insert a graphic EQ plugin at the very beginning of your plugin chain on your audio channel or clip
2Set one of your frequency bands to cut @ -6dB and whilst playing back your audio sweep the frequency control from 20kHz down to 20Hz slowly
3Here you are ‘Cutting’ and so you are scooping out a band of frequencies that your recording has too much of
4Listen carefully for the audio to lighten, open up and sound clearer as you scoop out the muddy, boxy frequencies
5As you move higher you’ll hear the dialogue get duller and more muddy
6Try to focus on just the high frequencies, listen to the clarity in the voice, the amount of sibilence ‘S and Shh sounds’ and the taming of harsh burned top frequencies

No. 4 – Cut Out More Than You Add On

The common misconception is to lean towards boosting frequencies when trying to improve DLSR camera audio dialogue.

The opposite is true, in fact. Cutting problematic frequencies to then gain the output level back up is the technique here.

It’s like removing lead balls from a weighted scale full of gold. The best frequencies ascend as the problematic frequencies are removed.

1During playback of your source audio set another band on your EQ to cut @ -6dB at 20Hz and slowly sweep the control up to 250Hz
2Use your ears and listen for the boomy, muddy frequencies to lighten up and ease back.
3Set another band on your EQ to cut @ -6dB at 250Hz and slowly sweep the control up to 600Hz
4Listen for the boxy, room boom sound to be tamed

No. 3 – Move in Steps of 3

When molding your dialogue recording it can be beneficial to always move in steps of 3dB. Cutting and adding frequencies proportionally results in a more natural sound, preserving the natural dimensions of the original audio, in the much the same way as when transforming an image.

1Whilst playing back your source audio set another band on your EQ to cut @ -6dB at 600Hz and slowly sweep the control up to 2000 Hz (20kHz)
2Use your ears to hone in on the nasal, honky frequencies of voices captured on inbuilt camera mics
3Once you find this frequency sufficiently tamed, stop
4Set one of your frequency bands to cut @ -6dB and whilst playing back your audio sweep the frequency control from 2kHz to 9kHz
5Listen for the sharp, burned high frequencies to tame and lispy ‘S’ and ‘Shh’ sounds from the voice reduce

No. 2 – Add the Smile

‘The Smile’ is an audio engineering term for adding a ‘Shelf’ EQ to both the very low and very high frequencies.

If you want to know how to EQ dialogue, this technique can be applied almost all of the time, as well as to any other audio source from crowd scenes, location recordings to live music.

‘The Smile’ adds warmth to the low end and airy sparkle to the high end.

1Using the same EQ plugin engage the ‘High Shelf‘ and the gain control to +3dB
2Engage the ‘Low Shelf‘ and apply a + 3db lift somewhere between 20Hz and 200Hz to ease warmth and body back into the recording
3By doing this we also compensate the effect of cutting problematic frequencies that had left audio feeling thin

No. 1 – Gain Up

When taking away, give back proportionally. If after sweeping to discover your problematic frequencies and applying sizeable cuts your DSLR audio dialogue gain is not used to compensate, it can suffer. Boosting the level of your Eq’d audio by as little as +1.5dB can make it ‘pop’.

1Using your EQ plugin set the ‘Output Gain’ to between +0.5dB and +2.5dB. Use your ears
2Channel faders are primarily for mixing a number of audio sources together, not level adjustments after processing so using output gain is a good habit to get int


Get it Right At The Source

With EQ most problematic audio issues can be addressed, however it’s limited in it’s ability to mold only the information present, if the pleasant qualities aren’t present it can’t work miracles on damaged recordings. The rule of thumb is to get it right at the source, record dialogue as best you can. Use your ears during recording and do test runs to make sure you’re hearing as sweet an intelligible voice as you can, that way next time in post you’ll be taking that dialogue audio to the next level.

I hope you find these tips on how to EQ Dialogue useful… let me know how things work out for you!